基于Docker部署Tomcat集群、 Nginx负载均衡的问题小结

目录
  • 写在前面
  • 一,ngixn 镜像制作
  • 二,java web(tomcat)应用镜像构建
  • 三,运行容器 nginx镜像

写在前面

看完dokcer相关的书籍,正好有个项目要这样搞,所以自己练习一下。

当作一百世一样。这里的道理很明白:我思故我在,既然我存在,就不能装作不存在。无论如何,我要为自己负起责任。——王小波《三十而立》

结构图:

这里仅作为一种学习,一般这种负载的话,nginx是放到主机侧的, javaweb(tomcat)应用放到容器里。

效果

新建文件夹。

d=uag;mkdir $d;cd $d;mkdir uag_nginx uag_tomcat8;
 ls
 uag_nginx  uag_tomcat8

一,ngixn 镜像制作

cd uag_nginx/
# 用于存放配置文件
mkdir nginx
vim dockerfile

dockerfile 文件内容

from nginx
label maintainer="uag"
env refreshed_at 2021-08-27

expose 8099

构建nginx配置文件内容

这个的配置文件,在容器运行的时候通过 -v参数与 容器内部共享。方便后期参数更改

cd ./nginx
vim nginx.conf

nginx.conf 配置文件内容

user  nginx;
worker_processes  auto;

error_log  /var/log/nginx/error.log notice;
pid        /var/run/nginx.pid;
daemon off;

events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}


http {
    include       /etc/nginx/mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    log_format  main  '$upstream_addr - $remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                      '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

    access_log  /var/log/nginx/access.log  main;

    sendfile        on;
    #tcp_nopush     on;

    keepalive_timeout  65;

    #gzip  on;

    include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;

    server {
        listen          8099;
        server_name     localhost;

        root            /var/www/html/;
        index           index.html index.htm;

        access_log      /var/log/nginx/default_access.log main;
        error_log       /var/log/nginx/default_error.log;

        
        location / {
                proxy_pass http://backend;
        }

        location ~ .* {
                        proxy_pass http://backend;
                        proxy_set_header host $http_host;
                        proxy_set_header x-real-ip $remote_addr;
                        proxy_set_header x-forwarded-for $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
                }

        

}
    # 这里配置负载 
    upstream backend {
    server 172.23.231.190:8069;
    server 172.23.231.190:8079;
    server 172.23.231.190:8089;
}
}

配置负载:172.23.231.190为宿主机ip,8069,8079,8089为对应的java web 暴露的应用端口。

 # 这里配置负载 
    upstream backend {
    server 172.23.231.190:8069;
    server 172.23.231.190:8079;
    server 172.23.231.190:8089;
}

构建nginx镜像

docker build -t uag/uag_nginx .

二,java web(tomcat)应用镜像构建

cd uag_tomcat8/

vim dockerfile

dockerfile 文件内容

from dordoka/tomcat
maintainer liruilong

copy uaweb.war   /opt/tomcat/webapps/uaweb.war

expose 8080

entrypoint [ "/opt/tomcat/bin/catalina.sh", "run" ]

上传对应的war包

ls
dockerfile  uaweb.war

构建镜像

docker build -t uag/uag_tomcat .

三,运行容器 nginx镜像

docker run -d -p 8099:8099 --name uag_nginx  -v $pwd/nginx/nginx.conf:/etc/nginx/nginx.conf   uag/uag_nginx nginx

java web(tomcat)镜像

docker run -it -d -p 8089:8080 --name uag_app_1  uag/uag_tomcat
 docker run -it -d -p 8079:8080 --name uag_app_2  uag/uag_tomcat
 docker run -it -d -p 8069:8080 --name uag_app_3  uag/uag_tomcat

查看运行的容器

浏览器访问

查看负载方式:新进程的方式

查看负载方式:–volumes-from 方式

dockerfile文件

from nginx
label maintainer="uag"
env refreshed_at 2021-08-27

volume  /var/log/nginx/
expose 80
┌──(liruilong㉿liruilong)-[/mnt/e/docker/uag/uag_nginx]
└─$ docker run  -it --rm --volumes-from nginx_log  centos cat /var/log/nginx/default_access.log
172.23.231.190:8069 - 172.17.0.1 - - [30/aug/2021:12:55:02 +0000] "get /uaweb/services/listservices http/1.1" 200 12660 "http://127.0.0.1:8099/uaweb/" "mozilla/5.0 (windows nt 10.0; win64; x64) applewebkit/537.36 (khtml, like gecko) chrome/92.0.4515.159 safari/537.36" "-"

172.23.231.190:8079 - 172.17.0.1 - - [30/aug/2021:12:55:02 +0000] "get /uaweb/axis2-web/css/axis-style.css http/1.1" 200 1587 "http://127.0.0.1:8099/uaweb/services/listservices" "mozilla/5.0 (windows nt 10.0; win64; x64) applewebkit/537.36 (khtml, like gecko) chrome/92.0.4515.159 safari/537.36" "-"
172.23.231.190:8069 - 172.17.0.1 - - [30/aug/2021:12:55:02 +0000] "get /uaweb/axis2-web/images/asf-logo.gif http/1.1" 200 5866 "http://127.0.0.1:8099/uaweb/services/listservices" "mozilla/5.0 (windows nt 10.0; win64; x64) applewebkit/537.36 (khtml, like gecko) chrome/92.0.4515.159 safari/537.36" "-"
172.23.231.190:8079 - 172.17.0.1 - - [30/aug/2021:12:55:02 +0000] "get /uaweb/axis2-web/images/axis_l.jpg http/1.1" 200 12340 "http://127.0.0.1:8099/uaweb/services/listservices" "mozilla/5.0 (windows nt 10.0; win64; x64) applewebkit/537.36 (khtml, like gecko) chrome/92.0.4515.159 safari/537.36" "-"
172.23.231.190:8089 - 172.17.0.1 - - [30/aug/2021:12:55:03 +0000] "get /uaweb/services/listservices http/1.1" 200 12660 "http://127.0.0.1:8099/uaweb/" "mozilla/5.0 (windows nt 10.0; win64; x64) applewebkit/537.36 (khtml, like gecko) chrome/92.0.4515.159 safari/537.36" "-"
172.23.231.190:8069 - 172.17.0.1 - - [30/aug/2021:12:55:03 +0000] "get /uaweb/axis2-web/images/asf-logo.gif http/1.1" 200 5866 "http://127.0.0.1:8099/uaweb/services/listservices" "mozilla/5.0 (windows nt 10.0; win64; x64) applewebkit/537.36 (khtml, like gecko) chrome/92

构建好镜像上传仓库:

嗯,需要注册一个docker hub账号,然后登录,需要镜像前面加 账户名/

┌──(liruilong㉿liruilong)-[/mnt/e/docker/uag/uag_nginx]
└─$ docker push liruilong/nginx_log
the push refers to repository [docker.io/liruilong/nginx_log]
an image does not exist locally with the tag: liruilong/nginx_log

┌──(liruilong㉿liruilong)-[/mnt/e/docker/uag/uag_nginx]
└─$ docker tag 9c9af0362eb9  liruilong/nginx_log

┌──(liruilong㉿liruilong)-[/mnt/e/docker/uag/uag_nginx]
└─$ docker push liruilong/nginx_log
the push refers to repository [docker.io/liruilong/nginx_log]
fb04ab8effa8: pushed
8f736d52032f: pushed
009f1d338b57: pushed
678bbd796838: pushed
d1279c519351: pushed
f68ef921efae: pushed
latest: digest: sha256:2af7e8aeab84e8a816caf6b0342e1a45f95c7089ff52578040ea3a4c28a943c7 size: 1570

┌──(liruilong㉿liruilong)-[/mnt/e/docker/uag/uag_nginx]
└─$  docker push liruilong/nginx_log:tagname  # 拉去镜像

到此这篇关于基于docker部署 tomcat集群、 nginx负载均衡的文章就介绍到这了,更多相关docker部署tomcat nginx负载均衡内容请搜索www.887551.com以前的文章或继续浏览下面的相关文章希望大家以后多多支持www.887551.com!

THE END
喜欢就支持一下吧
点赞13分享